During a meeting of the G7 nations in Hiroshima, the United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres, addressed the issue of the power dynamics within the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and advocated for reforms in the council. The UNSC, established in 1945, reflects the power distribution of that time and needs to adapt to the current realities of the world. This article explores the demand for India’s permanent membership in the UNSC, the structure and responsibilities of the council, and why India is considered a strong contender for a seat.
India Continues to Demand
The recent comments by the UN Secretary-General during his visit to Hiroshima have further strengthened the demand for reforms in the 15-member Security Council. India has consistently presented its candidacy for permanent membership in the council.
In recent years, India has emerged as the strongest contender for a permanent seat in the Security Council. India’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Ruchira Kamboj, reiterated this demand during her address to the UNSC on April 25. She emphasized that as the world’s largest democracy, India has the right to participate in global decision-making processes. Kamboj questioned the principle of “effective multilateralism” and its application in safeguarding the principles of the UN Charter, which grants disproportionate power to the five permanent members, allowing them to disregard the collective will of the remaining 188 member countries.
What is the United Nations Security Council?
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six main organs of the United Nations, established on October 24, 1945. Its primary responsibilities include maintaining international peace and security, recommending the admission of new members to the General Assembly, and approving any changes within the United Nations.
The Security Council consists of five permanent members, known as the P5, namely the United States, Britain, China, France, and Russia. These members hold the power of veto, allowing them to reject any proposal. In addition to the permanent members, the Council also includes ten non-permanent members who serve for a two-year term but do not possess veto power.
Why is India a Strong Contender for a Seat in the UNSC?
India is one of the most vocal candidates for permanent membership in the UNSC. Several factors contribute to India’s claim for a seat:
1. Founding Member and Largest Democracy: As one of the founding members of the United Nations, India has played an active role in shaping the organization’s agenda. Being the world’s largest democracy, India represents a significant portion of the global population.
2. Population and Economy: India is the second-most populous country and the fifth-largest and fastest-growing economy globally. Its demographic and economic strength makes it a crucial player in global affairs.
3. Active Participation: India actively participates in important forums and initiatives related to climate change, sustainable development goals, and other United Nations summits. It advocates for the interests of developing and emerging countries, making it a representative voice for a large section of the global community.
Q: Why does the United Nations Security Council need reforms?
A: The UNSC’s structure reflects the power dynamics of 1945 and does not adequately represent the current realities of the world. Reforms are necessary to redistribute power and ensure that the council’s decisions reflect the collective will of the global community.
Q: How can India contribute to the Security Council if granted permanent membership?
A: India’s permanent membership would bring diverse perspectives and voices to the council. India has a strong commitment to international peace and security, and its active participation in various global forums demonstrates